What are the Main Causes and Effects of Water Pollution?
Introduction

Water is known to be a universal solvent and this means that various substances can get added to water and remain completely or partially dissolved or at times even undissolved. Water pollution is a result of changes in its quality and such changes can occur due to natural reasons or as a consequence of one or more activities by humans (Goel 1). Such changes in quality can render water unsuitable for consumption and also for any other domestic or agricultural purposes.

Causes of Water Pollution

Water can be polluted by various factors which can be physical, chemical or even biological (Goel 2). The causes of water pollution predominantly include washing of agrochemicals into water bodies, spillage of fuels and other chemicals, improper disposal of various types of waste as well as synthetic detergents used both domestically and industrially, natural processes such as volcanic eruptions or biological processes, and so on (Agarwal 38). Physical factors such as radiations also have an impact on water quality and aquatic life (Goel 2).

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